Tafsir Noor al-Thaqalayn: Surat an-Nasr

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في كتاب ثواب الأعمال باسناده عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: من قرأ ” إذا جاء نصر الله والفتح ” في نافلة أو فريضة نصره الله على جميع أعدائه وجاء يوم القيامة ومعه كتاب ينطق، قد أخرجه الله من جوف قبره، فيه أمان من جسر جهنم ومن النار ومن زفير جهنم، فلا يمر على شئ يوم القيامة الا بشره وأخبره بكل خير حتى يدخل الجنة، ويفتح له في الدنيا من أسباب الخير ما لم يتمن ولم يخطر على قلبه

In Kitab Thawab al-A`mal: By its isnad from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام.

He said: Whomever recites itha jaa’a nasrullahi wal fat`h in voluntary or oblgiatory prayers, Allah will support him over all of His enemies. He will come with a speaking book on the Day of Resurrection that Allah will bring out from within his grave, which will protect him from the bridge of Hell, the Fire, and the roar of Hell. He will not pass by a thing on the Day of Resurrection except that it will give him glad tidings of every goodness, until he enters Paradise. In this world, sources of good that he would have never imagined will open up to him.

 في مجمع البيان في حديث أبي من قرأها فكأنما شهد مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فتح مكة

In Majma` al-Bayan: In the hadith of Ubay: Whomever recites it, it is as if he was martyred alongside the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله in the conquest of Mecca.

 وعن عبد الله بن مسعود قال: لما نزلت السورة كان النبي صلى الله عليه وآله يقول كثيرا: سبحانك اللهم اغفر لي انك أنت التواب الرحيم.

And from `Abdillah b. Mas`ud.

He said: When the surah was revealed, the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله would often say: Glory be to You, O Allah, forgive me, for You are the Forgiving, the Merciful.

وعن أم سلمة قالت: كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله بالآخرة لا يقوم ولا يقعد ولا يجيئ ولا يذهب الا قال: سبحان الله وبحمده استغفر الله وأتوب إليه، فسألناه عن ذلك؟فقال: انى أمرت بها، ثم قرأ إذا جاء نصر الله

And from Umm Salama.

She said: At the end [of his life], the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله would not stand, nor sit, nor come, nor go without saying: “Glory be to Allah, and by His praise, I seek the forgiveness of Allah and I repent to Him.” So we asked him about that, so he said: I was ordered to do it. Then, he recited itha jaa’a nasrullah.

وفى رواية عايشة انه كان يقول: سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك استغفر الله وأتوب إليك قال مقاتل: لما نزلت هذه السورة قرأها صلى الله عليه وآله على أصحابه ففرحوا واستبشروا، وسمعها العباس فبكى فقال صلى الله عليه وآله: ما يبكيك يا عم؟فقال: أظن أنه قد نعت إليك نفسك يا رسول الله، فقال: انه لكما تقول، فعاش بعدها سنتين ما رؤى فيهما ضاحكا مستبشرا قال: وهذه السورة تسمى سورة التوديع

And in the report of `A’isha:

He used to say: Glory be to You, O Allah, and by Your praise. I seek the forgiveness of Allah, and I repent to You.

Muqatil said: When this surah was revealed, he صلى الله عليه وآله recited it to his companions, so they became happy and jubilant. Al-`Abbas heard it and wept, so he صلى الله عليه وآله said: What makes you weep, O uncle? So he said: I think it is informing you of your death, O Messenger of Allah. So he said: It is as you say. So he lived two years after that, and he was not seen laughing and jubilant.

He said: And this surah is called the Farewell Chapter.

وقال ابن عباس: لما نزلت ” إذا جاء نصر الله والفتح ” قال صلى الله عليه وآله: نعيت إلى نفسي بأنها مقبوضة في هذه السنة

And Ibn `Abbas said: When itha jaa’a nasrullahi wal fat`h was revealed, he صلى الله عليه وآله said: I have been informed that I will pass away in this year.

في عيون الأخبار باسناده إلى الحسين بن خالد قال: قال الرضا عليه السلام: سمعت أبي يحدث عن أبيه عليهما السلام: ان أول سورة نزلت ” بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم اقرأ باسم ربك ” وآخر سورة نزلت ” إذا جاء نصر الله “

In `Uyun al-Akhbar: By its isnad to al-Husayn b. Khalid.

He said: ar-Rida عليه السلام said: I heard my father narrate from his father عليهما السلام: The first surah that was revealed was bismillahi rahmani raheem iqra’ bismi rabbik and the last surah that was revealed was itha jaa’a nasrullah.

في أصول الكافي عدة من أصحابنا عن أحمد بن سهل بن زياد عن منصور بن العباس عن محمد بن العباس بن السرى عن عمه علي بن السرى عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: أول ما نزل على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم اقرأ بسم ربك وآخره ” إذا جاء نصر الله “

In Usul al-Kafi: Several of our companions from Ahmad b. Sahl b. Ziyad from Mansur b. al-`Abbas from Muhammad b. al-`Abbas b. as-Sira from his uncle `Ali b. as-Sira from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام.

He said: The first thing revealed to the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله was bismillahi rahmani raheem iqra’ bismi rabbik and the last was itha jaa’a nasrullah.

في أمالي شيخ الطائفة قدس سره باسناده إلى محمد بن عمر بن علي عن أبيه عن جده قال: نزلت على النبي صلى الله عليه وآله ” إذا جاء نصر الله والفتح ” قال: يا علي لقد جاء نصر الله والفتح، فإذا رأيت الناس يدخلون في دين الله أفواجا فسبح بحمد ربك واستغفره انه كان توابا، قال: يا علي أن الله قد كتب على المؤمنين الجهاد في الفتنة من بعدى، كما كتب عليهم جهاد المشركين معي، فقلت: يا رسول الله وما الفتنة التي كتب علينا فيها الجهاد؟قال: فتنة قوم يشهدون ان لا إله إلا الله وانى رسول الله وهم مخالفون لسنتي وطاعنون في ديني، فقلت: فعلام نقاتلهم يا رسول الله وهم يشهدون ان لا إله إلا الله وانك رسول الله؟فقال: على احداثهم في ديني وفراقهم لأمري واستحلالهم دماء عترتي

والحديث طويل أخذنا منه موضع الحاجة

In the Amali of Shaykh at-Ta’ifa قدس سره: By its isnad to Muhammad b. `Umar b. `Ali from his father from his grandfather.

He said: When itha jaa’a nasrullahi wal fat`h was revealed to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله, he said: O `Ali, the victory and conquest of Allah has come. When you see the people entering into the religion of Allah in multitudes, then glorify by the praise of your Lord and ask for His forgiveness. Surely, He is ever accepting of repentance. He said: O `Ali, Allah has prescribed striving (jihad) for the believers in the schism after me, just as He prescribed striving against the polytheists with me. So I said: O Messenger of Allah, and what is the schism in which we have been prescribed to strive therein? He said: The schism of a people who will bear witness that there is no god except Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah, but they will oppose my Sunna and attack my religion. So I said: So why should we fight them while they bear witness that there is no god except Allah and that you are the Messenger of Allah? So he said: Because of what they will do with my religion, their dissension from my order, and their permitting of the shedding of the blood of my progeny.

And the hadith is long, and we have taken the relevant portion from it.

في تفسير علي بن إبراهيم: إذا جاء نصر الله والفتح قال: نزلت بمنى في حجة الوداع ” إذا جاء نصر الله والفتح ” فلما نزلت قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: نعيت إلى نفسي، فجاء إلى مسجد الخيف فجمع الناس ثم قال: نصرا لله امرءا سمع مقالتي فوعاها وبلغها من لم يسمعها، فرب حامل فقه فليس بفقيه، ورب حامل فقه إلى من هو أفقه منه، ثلاث لا يغل عليهن قلب امرء مسلم، اخلاص العمل لله، والنصيحة لائمة المسلمين واللزوم لجماعتهم، فان دعوتهم محيطة من ورائهم، أيها الناس انى تارك فيكم ما ان تمسكتم به لن تضلوا ولن تزلوا كتاب الله وعترتي أهل بيتي، فإنه قد نبأني اللطيف الخبير انهما لن يفترقا حتى يردا على الحوض كإصبعي هاتين وجمع بين سبابتيه ولا أقول كهاتين وجمع  بين سبابته والوسطى فتفضل هذه على هذه

In Tafsir `Ali b. Ibrahim:

Itha jaa’a nasrullahi wal fat`h, he said: It was revealed in Mina in the Farewell Pilgrimage. When it was revealed, the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله said: I have been informed of my death. So he went to Masjid al-Khayf and gathered the people and said: May Allah support a person who hears what I say and delivers it and tells it to those who did not hear it. There can be a bearer carrying knowledge who is not a scholar, and a bearer of knowledge who carries it to those who have more knowledge. There are three things that the heart of a Muslim person does not feel treachery in: (1) Sincerity in the deeds for Allah, (2) Wishing well for the Imams of the Muslims, (3) and staying close to their group – for their supplications encompass those behind them. O people, I am leaving among you that which if you hold onto them, you will not deviate or err: (1) The Book of Allah, (2) My progeny, my Ahl al-Bayt. The Subtle and the Aware has informed me that they will no separate from one another until they return to me at the Pond, just like these two fingers of mine – then he brought his two index fingers together – and I do not say like this – then he brought his index and middle finger together – lest one be preferred over the other.

 في جوامع الجامع وعن جابر بن عبد الله انه بكى ذات يوم فقيل له في ذلك فقال: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله يقول: دخل الناس في دين الله أفواجا وسيخرجون منه أفواجا أراد بالناس أهل اليمن، ولما نزلت قال صلى الله عليه وآله: الله أكبر جاء نصر الله والفتح، وجاء أهل اليمن قوم رقيقة قلوبهم الايمان يمان والفقه يمان والحكمة يمانية وقال: أجد نفس ربكم من قبل اليمن

In Jawami` al-Jami`: And from Jabir b. `Abdillah that he wept that day, so he was asked about that, so he said: I heard the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله say: The people have entered the religion of Allah in multitudes, and they will leave it in multitudes – He refers to the people of Yemen with “the people” (110:2). The people of Yemen have come, they are a people with gentle hearts. Faith is Yemeni, knowledge is Yemeni, and wisdom is Yemeni. And he said: I see the relief of your Lord coming from the direction of Yemen.

 وعن ابن مسعود قال: دخل النبي صلى الله عليه وآله يوم الفتح وحول البيت ثلاثمائة  وستون صنما، فجعل يطعنها بعود في يده ويقول: ” جاء الحق وما يبدئ الباطل وما يعيد ” ” جاء الحق وزهق الباطل ان الباطل كان زهوقا “

And from Ibn Mas`ud:

He said: The Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله entered [the Sanctuary] on the Day of Conquest, and around the House there were three hundred and sixty idols, so he struck them with a rod in his hand, saying: “The truth has come, and falsehood can neither begin nor repeat.” (34:49), “Truth has come, and falsehood has departed. Surely, false is ever bound to depart.” (17:81)

وعن ابن عباس قال: لما قدم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله مكة أبى ان يدخل البيت وفيه الألهة، فأمر بها فأخرجت صورة إبراهيم وإسماعيل عليهما السلام وفى أيديهما الأزلام، فقال صلى الله عليه وآله: قاتلهم الله اما والله لقد علموا انهما لم يستقسما بها قط

And from Ibn `Abbas.

He said: When the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله came to Mecca, he refused to enter the House while it had gods (idols) inside. So he ordered [their destruction], and a picture of Ibrahim and Isma`il عليهما السلام appeared and in their hands were diving arrows. So he صلى الله عليه وآله said: May Allah destroy them, by Allah, they know that they never used them (divining arrows) ever.

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